Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University (MSFAU) was established on January 1st, 1882 by Osman Hamdi Bey, painter, architect, archeologist, museum founder and historian. It was named as Mekteb-i Sanay-i Nefise-i Şahane and started education on March 2nd, 1883. In 1928, it was renamed as Fine Arts Academy, the first higher education institution that bears the Academy title in Turkey. In 1969, its title changed to Istanbul State Fine Arts Academy and gained scientific autonomy. In 1983, it turned into Mimar Sinan University and in 2003, gained its current name: Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University (MSFAU) Since it was established university has a pioneering role in art, architecture and design education. In the post-Republican era, photography and film education started in the institution. With the inclusion of State Conservatory, it established itself as the main pioneering arts institution in Turkey. The Museum of Painting and Sculpture with a rich national and international collection is also a part of the university. On the other hand the Turkish Film & TV Institute as part of the University preserves the national movie heritage voluntarily since 1962, which is the first and only national film archive of Turkey. The university has 3 faculties, 1 Conservatory and 1 Vocational Trade School, 3 institutes and 24 research and development centers.